Comparing & Contrasting a Roth IRA vs. 401K

At some point, many individuals will become serious about saving money and putting aside funds for retirement. This often, in turn, prompts the opening of various retirement savings accounts. At this point, Roth IRAs and 401Ks are some of the most popular options. However, these two accounts are not the same, by any means, and should not be treated as such.

Some people are better suited for 401Ks while others do exceptionally well with putting money into a Roth IRA. Nevertheless, a critical and thorough understanding of the differences and features of the aforementioned accounts is absolutely paramount.

An Overview

One of the greatest distinctions between Roth IRAs and 401Ks is the functionalities of the two accounts. Investopedia explains that while Roth IRAs are started between an investment firm and the people which come to them, 401Ks are plans where workers permit their employers to put a percentage of their pay into the account. Each individual has their own ideas of which retirement savings account is best for them. Both Roth IRAs and 401Ks each come with their own upsides, guidelines, and stipulations.

The Benefits

Both Roth IRAs and 401Ks come with their own benefits which are designed to appeal to prospective customers. The Simple Dollar lists the following benefits which are associated with Roth IRA accounts:

  • Future tax-free withdrawals
  • Ability to withdraw contributions without facing penalties
  • Ability to select desired brokerage firm and choices pertaining to investments

401K retirement savings accounts also come with their own unique upsides, which read as follows:

  • Potential annual tax savings
  • Opportunities for monetary employer match
  • Options to set up automatic deposits
  • Gradual increase on allowed contributions

Which One is Best For You?

Ultimately, each individual will have to decide which retirement savings account is best for them. Believe it or not, choosing whether or not to set up a Roth IRA or 401K does not have to be an “either/or” decision. There are some people who have both accounts and others who employ alternative means to save money and invest in their retirement.

However, for individuals who are interested in setting up one (or both) of the aforementioned accounts, Fidelity has some helpful hints and advice:

  • 401Ks may prove to be slightly more beneficial for long-termĀ savings.
  • Roth IRA accounts are usually better for individuals who see tax increases in their future.
  • People who wish to diversify funds put aside for retirement may find that setting up a 401K and Roth IRA accounts is advantageous.

 

Authored by Gabrielle Seunagal

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